Confederate Monuments Are Coming Down Across the United States. Here’s a List.

Map of Confederate Monuments

  • The red-monuments removed
  • The black-proposal to remove monument

white nationalist rally that turned violent in Charlottesville, Va., on Saturday brought renewed attention to dozens of Confederate monuments around the country. Many government officials, including Representative Nancy Pelosi of California, the House Democratic leader, have called to remove statues, markers and other monuments that celebrate controversial Civil War era figures from public grounds. There are likely hundreds of such monuments in the United States.

Email monuments@nytimes.com if you find new information about the removal of Confederate monuments.

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Annapolis, Md.

Roger B. Taney statue removed

A statue of Roger Taney was taken down from its post in front of the State House at about 2 a.m. on Friday morning. Gov. Larry Hogan, a Republican, called for its removal earlier this week, reversing a previously stated position that removing symbols like the statue would be tantamout to political correctness. Though not a Confederate official, Justice Taney was the chief author of the 1857 Dred Scott decision, which ruled that African-Americans, both enslaved and free, could not be American citizens.

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Baltimore

Four monuments removed

The mayor of Baltimore, Catherine Pugh, ordered the removal of four monuments to the era of the Confederacy, saying it was in the interest of public safety after the violence in Charlottesville. The statues were taken down before dawn on Wednesday.

Brooklyn

Two plaques honoring
Robert E. Lee removed

A plaque honoring a tree planted in Brooklyn in the 1840s by Robert E. Lee was removed on Wednesday. The tree is next to a closed Episcopal church, and diocesan officials said they received multiple threats after the plaque was taken down. Another plaque was also removed.

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Durham, N.C.

Confederate soldier monument
toppled by protesters

Protesters pulled down a statue of a Confederate soldier in front of the Durham County Courthouse in Durham, N.C., on Monday. The statue, which had stood since 1924, was protected by a special law and state police have arrested four protesters since its removal.

Gainesville, Fla.

Monument to Confederate
soldiers removed

A local chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy paid for the removal of a monument to Confederate soldiers that stood in front of Alachua County Administration Building in downtown Gainesville for 113 years. The monument, known locally as “Old Joe,” was moved to a private cemetery outside the city, according to The Gainesville Sun.

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Andrea Cornejo/The Gainesville Sun

New Orleans

Four monuments removed

New Orleans removed four monumentsdedicated to the Confederacy and opponents of Reconstruction in April. City workers who took them down wore flak jackets, helmets and masks and were guarded by police because of concerns about their safety.

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Gerald Herbert/Associated Press

Boston

Confederate monument
covered as state weighs options

A Confederate monument on Georges Island in Boston Harbor has been covered up as the state decides what to do about it. Governor Charlie Baker, a Republican, said in June that “we should refrain from the display of symbols, especially in our public parks, that do not support liberty and equality.”

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Nicholas Pfosi for The Boston Globe

Charlottesville, Va.

Proposal to remove monument
to Gen. Robert E. Lee

Violence erupted on Saturday at a far-right protest against the proposed removal of a statue of Robert E. Lee, a Confederate general, from Emancipation Park in Charlottesville, Va. Thirty-four people were injured in clashes and one person was killed when a Nazi sympathizer plowed his car into a crowd of counter-protesters, the authorities said. The statue has not been removed.

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Matt Eich for The New York Times

Jacksonville, Fla.

Proposal to remove multiple
Confederate monuments

The president of Jacksonville City Council, Anna Lopez Brosche, called for all Confederate monuments to be moved from city property to a museum. The most prominent Confederate memorial in Jacksonville is a statue of a Confederate soldier that sits atop a towering pillar in Hemming Park.

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Bob Self/Florida Times-Union

Lexington, Ky.

Two Confederate monuments
slated for relocation

On Thursday, the City Council in Lexington, Ky., approved a proposal to remove two Confederate statues from the city’s historic courthouse. The mayor, Jim Gray, has 30 days to propose a new location for the statues, whose removal must be approved by the Kentucky Military Heritage Commission.

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Bryan Woolston/Reuters

Memphis

Statue of Nathan Bedford
Forrest considered for removal

The City of Memphis is seeking to removea statue of Nathan Bedford Forrest, a Confederate general, from a city park, but needs approval from a state agency.

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Andrea Morales for The New York Times

Nashville

Protests over Nathan Bedford
Forrest bust in the state Capitol

Gov. Bill Haslam, a Republican, said Monday that Forrest, who has a bust in the state capitol, “should not be one of the individuals we honor at the capitol,” but a 2016 law made it difficult to remove state monuments. Mr. Haslam urged action from the commissions charged with considering such removals.

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Mark Humphrey/Associated Press

Richmond, Va.

Mayor directs commission to
consider removing Confederate
statues from Monument Avenue

Mayor Levar M. Stoney says he believes the towering Confederate statues on Monument Avenue, considered by some to be the historic backbone of Richmond, the former capitol of the Confederacy, should be removed. Mayor Stoney had said as recently as Monday that he believed the statues should stay up with added context, but changed course on Wednesday and directed a previously formed commission to consider removing all or some of them.

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Steve Helber/Associated Press

San Antonio

Proposal to relocate monument
to Confederate soldiers

Before the violence in Charlottesville, some city councilors had already been pushing for the removal of a statue of a Confederate solider in Travis Park. Demonstrators on both sides of the issue clashed on Saturday.

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Carolyn Van Houten/San Antonio Express-News

Stone Mountain, Ga.

Calls to remove faces of three
Confederate generals in stone carving

Stacey Abrams, a Democratic candidate for governor, called for the removal of the reliefs of Robert E. Lee, Jefferson Davis and Stonewall Jackson carved 400 feet above the ground on the side of Stone Mountain. The carving is protected by law.

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John Bazemore/Associated Press

Tampa, Fla.

Confederate statue
considered for removal

A Confederate monument in Tampa will only be removed if enough private money is raised, Hillsborough County Commissioners decided on Wednesday. On Thursday, Tampa’s three major sports teams said they would help pay for the monument’s removal.

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Chris O’Meara/Associated Press

The Bronx

Plans to remove busts of Robert
E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson

The president of Bronx Community College, Thomas A. Isekenegbe, said the school would remove the busts of Stonewall Jackson and Robert E. Lee from its Hall of Fame for Great Americans.

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Drew Angerer/Getty Images

Washington, D.C.

Proposal to remove Confederate
statues from U.S. Capitol building, park

Senator Cory Booker of New Jersey tweeted late Wednesday that he plans on introducing a bill to remove Confederate statues from the U.S. Capitol building. On Thursday, Representative Nancy Pelosi of California, the House Democratic leader, called for the removal of the statues, describing them as “reprehensible.” There are at least 12 Confederate statues in the National Statuary Hall Collection of the Capitol building. D.C. officials have called on the National Park Service to remove a statute of Albert Pike, a Confederate general, from a park.

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Doug Mills/The New York Times

More removed monuments

Franklin, Ohio » Robert E. Lee monument removed

City officials in Franklin, Ohio, said on Thursday that they had removed a marker for Robert E. Lee overnight. Anti-racism activists had announced plans for a demonstration at the monument later this week.

Los Angeles » Marker for Confederate veterans removed

A once-obscure Confederate monument in the Hollywood Forever Cemetery was taken down early one morning this week after the cemetery’s owners heard numerous requests for its removal.

Louisville, Ky. » Statue of Confederate soldier moved in Nov. 2016

A Confederate statue was removed from Louisville, Ky., last November, and relocated to Brandenburg, Ky. A dedication ceremony in Brandenburg was attended by hundreds of people.

Orlando » Statue of Confederate soldier moved from a public park to a cemetery in June

Officials removed a Confederate statue known as “Johnny Reb” from Lake Eola Park in June, with the intention of moving it to a cemetery. While moving it, they found a time capsule with contents including Confederate money.

San Diego » Plaque honoring Jefferson Davis, president of the Confederacy, removed

The plaque at Horton Plaza Park was removed on Wednesday morning. “Monuments to bigotry have no place in San Diego or anywhere!” City Councilor Christopher Ward wrote on Twitter.

St. Louis » Confederate Memorial removed from public park in June

A little-known Confederate monument was removed from Forest Park earlier this summer after a campaign by vocal activists.

St. Petersburg, Fla. » Plaque honoring Stonewall Jackson removed

A marker honoring the Stonewall Jackson Memorial Highway was taken away on Tuesday by city officials who said they did not want it to become a “flashpoint in this national debate.”

Austin, Tex. » Statue of Jefferson Davis moved in 2015 from outdoor pedestal to history center
Frederick, Md. » Roger B. Taney statue removed from City Hall
Madison, Wis. » Confederate plaque removed from cemetery
Montreal (Canada) » Plaque honoring Jefferson Davis removed
Rockville, Md. » Confederate statue moved from courthouse

More proposed removals

Portsmouth, Va. » Mayor calls for city’s Confederate monument to be moved

Mayor John Rowe said the Confederate monument in Portsmouth, which includes statues and an obelisk, should be moved to a cemetery from its spot on High Street. A protest of the monument was planned there on Thursday night.

Alexandria, Va. » City council voted in 2016 to move Confederate statue
Birmingham, Ala. » City covers part of monument while looking at options for removal
Dallas » Multiple monuments under consideration for removal
Frankfort, Ky. » Some Republicans call for statue of Jefferson Davis to be removed
Helena, Mont. » Commission will remove a Confederate memorial from a city park
Norfolk, Va. » Mayor asks city council to discuss removing Confederate monument
Pensacola, Fla. » Calls to remove Confederate statue from a city square
Seattle » Mayor calls for removal of Confederate monument and Lenin statue

Edited for mb3-org.com

Fellow Republicans Assail Trump After He Defends Confederate Monuments

(Bridgewater, N.J./WASHINGTON) — President Donald Trump decried on Thursday the removal of monuments to the pro-slavery Civil War Confederacy, echoing white nationalists and drawing stinging rebukes from fellow Republicans in a controversy that has inflamed racial tensions. Trump has alienated Republicans, corporate leaders and U.S. allies, rattled markets and prompted speculation about possible White House…

via Fellow Republicans Assail Trump After He Defends Confederate Monuments — TIME

The NAACP Just Issued Its First-Ever Travel Advisory for a U.S. State

When the Missouri state legislature passed Senate Bill 43 in June, Missouri NAACP President Nimrod Chapel was at a loss. He had met with lawmakers and testified in opposition to the bill, which raises the legal burden needed to sue businesses for discrimination on the basis of race, religion, or gender, but to no avail.…

via The NAACP Just Issued Its First-Ever Travel Advisory for a U.S. State — TIME

Little Known Black History Fact: Liberia’s Independence

The African nation of Liberia celebrates its 170th year of independence on this day, and the country has a complicated history. Initially established as a colony by slaveholders and politicians to shuttle free-born Blacks from America’s shores, it has since developed into a nation with a respectable democratic process. In 1816, the American Colonization Society…

via Little Known Black History Fact: Liberia’s Independence — Black America Web

The right’s hypocritical response to Minneapolis ignores the bigger problem with police brutality

By: Alan Pyke

Police apologists are applying the same fundamental — and harmful — logic to Mohamed Noor’s killing of Justine Damond.

In the six days since a black Minnesota police officer shot and killed a white Australian woman who had called 911 to report a possible rape, many commentators have suggested that the story is noteworthy because it flips the racial script for police violence.

Coverage of Officer Mohamed Noor’s slaying of Justine Damond has focused on its contrast with the grim American tradition of white cops killing unarmed black people. Some conservatives who frequently dismiss protestations over police killings have adopted the same outraged criticism they decried in Baton RougeFergusonBaltimore, and Charlotte.

When victims of police shootings are black, many pundits demand patiencewithhold judgment of the officer’s actions, and start looking for dirt on the person killed. Damond isn’t targeted with the same prejudicial scrutiny, and Noor isn’t getting the same wait-and-see defense.

The hypocritical nature of conservative media reactions here overshadows a bigger problem: the tendency to treat every police shooting as a case of bad individuals, rather than emblematic of a systemic problem in U.S. law enforcement.

Take the argument pioneered by ex-cop turned right-wing radio host John Cardillo, which has since jumped to Infowars, WorldNetDaily, and other far-right online spaces. Cardillo argues that Noor, who is Somali American, was a “diversity hire” pushed by a class of politically correct administrators. If they wouldn’t have pushed for Noor’s hiring in the first place, the argument goes, Damond would still be alive today. Minneapolis gave deadly force to someone unqualified to wield it, these voices claim, because it made people feel good to have a more diverse police force.

A second, similar reaction has spread along the internet’s right edge, exemplified in notorious Islamophobe Pam Gellar’s coverage of the story. Gellar focuses on Noor’s religious affiliation and points to the specter of “Islamic supremacism,” asking readers to believe that Noor killed Damond because that is simply what Somali Americans do.

These reactions are astonishing in their racism, but the problem goes far beyond that. They also exonerate the police institutions that trained Noor, the conduct regulations that governed his behavior, and the political environment in which he and all other police currently operate.

In these renderings of the case, the important details are all about identity. Instead of a white cop killing an unarmed black man, it’s a black cop killing an unarmed white woman. Noor killed a woman who’d sought his help because something was wrong with him, not because anything is wrong with how the institution of policing conditions officers to behave, think, and react to situations.

If Noor is just one faulty piece in a perfectly fine system, fixing things is as simple as plucking him off the chessboard. No further questions need to be asked about how our public institutions hand out badges and guns; the probe stops at the supposed ills of inclusive hiring and religious tolerance.

The right’s push to narrow the focus of the Noor-Damond story is consistent with a larger pattern in reactions to sudden, hard-to-justify police killings of black people.

Inquiry into the individual circumstances and personalities of any given case is of course crucial. But in the eyes of activists and experts who have protested and studied police violence toward black America for decades, the explanation for seemingly unjustifiable police killings lies in how American society trains law enforcement personnel.

American police academies require many times more hours of training in lethal force, physical force, and the importance of dominating situationsthan they do in conflict resolution and de-escalation techniques. The training ratio has improved to varying degrees in different jurisdictions since 2006, when a Justice Department review found American cops receive a median of 60 hours of firearms training, but just 36 hours on criminal law and eight hours on conflict mediation skills. But the effort to emphasize de-escalation training is running into predictable cultural headwinds from cops.

After leaving the academy, a huge proportion of American police officers attend further training from the likes of Dave Grossman. Grossman named his firm the “Killology Research Group.” He teaches cops to think of themselves as vigilante-style superheroes who will have to kill someone at some point, rather than as upholders of societal law and individual rights who are empowered to use deadly force if it is necessary. They are taught to look for fatal force moments, to lean into the idea that killing is just another part of the job.

An extensive Pew poll of police officers last summer revealed huge proportions of the law enforcement community hold alarming attitudes toward their work. More than half reported that they’ve grown more callous toward other human beings since taking the job. Four out of nine said they believe some people only respond to physical force. Fifty-one percent reported they are frequently or nearly always frustrated while on the job.

And while car crashes are still the leading cause of death for police officers, multiple ambushstyle murders of police in the past year have given officers anecdotal reasons to feel paranoid — hardly a mindset conducive to thoughtful action and composure in the field.

The policing business shows multiple signs of broad and deep-rooted decay. And bad-apple explanations after an unjustified or hard-to-justify police killing don’t explain these dynamics.

The right-wing reactions to Damond’s killing, while focusing on the race of the cop, are nothing new. They are consistent with the deflections apologists use to minimize the systematic nature of law enforcement abuses of power. They serve only to divert attention from the structural factors that give rise to preventable killings, beatings, and civil rights abuses, and deflate energy from an opportunity to advance systemic reforms.

Edited for mb3-org.com

 

Charlottesville KKK Protesters Describe Brutal Police Crackdown

This account has been collected from three different people who were on the front lines of resistance to the KKK, white nationalists, and police violence. You can support Tracye Prince DeSon, a BLM organizer who was attacked by CPD here. Legal support for the Charlottesville 23 here.

On July 9th over one thousand people showed up to chase out the Klan and violent racist ideology. That day—like many before—the police protected the racists and attacked anti-racists and anti-fascists for standing up against it. 23 antiracist activists were locked up; charges range from felony anti-masking to disorderly conduct.

In the past few months Charlottesville has become a staging ground for Richards Spencer. Richard Spencer, after getting chased out of DC and having antifascists show up at his door numerous times, ran south where he couldn’t get harassed by anti-racist activists. Charlottesville, VA—like much of the south—has a bloody history of white nationalists organizing and terrorizing community of color.

It’s no surprise that the police would be protecting law and ordering over opposition to violent and hateful violence brought by the KKK and Richard Spencer.

From Charlottesville Residents:

Even those who were born here seem shocked that we are attracting so much attention from white supremacist groups, but Charlottesville has a long history with the KKK. UVA has been criticized for accepting donations from them and failing to make a statement rejecting that history, and Richard Spencer attended UVA as a student before he went on his campaign to energize white nationalists.

Racist far-Right bloggers like Jason Kessler [who have written for Tucker Carlson’s website The Daily Caller – about white nationalist organizing] have also been actively recruiting and have invited white nationalist groups to town on several occasions. Systemic racism is a problem in Charlottesville, and local organizers have attempted to hold the CPD accountable for harassing POC and failing to protect them; CPD failed both the black community and the trans community when they failed to find a black trans woman who’s been missing since 2012 and is presumed to have been murdered. Meanwhile, communities of color in Charlottesville are currently being displaced through policies of gentrification.

On Saturday June 8th, the KKK came to Charlottesville. They had advertised the event as the KKK event of the summer. In the end, even with police protection, only a few dozens showed up. The KKK showed up late and when they did they were surrounded by temporary fencing and a ring of white cops. After about an hour the police escorted them out of the park to their cars and the crowd chased them chanting and booing.

Once the Cops ensured the safety of the klan they turned their sights – on the protest themselves.

Police in riot gear told the crowd to disperse, saying the gathering was now unlawful and that if people didn’t move they would be arrested. People did move, heading back up towards the park following the mob of police officers, at which point they took up a defensive position and once again told the crowd to disperse. The police proceeded to use tear gas on the crowd.

From Two Arrestees Themselves:

I’ve been to numerous protests in recent years in quite a few different cities; all for Black lives. I knew the KKK was having a rally in Charlottesville in July 8th, 2017 and I knew I would be there to counter-protest. As expected the police gave them all the protections they needed for their rally to go on without a single one of them being harmed, good job CPD.

I went there expecting tensions to maybe get high and maybe a clash between the Klan and counter-protesters, what I didn’t expect was for every single act of violence to come from the police. Police in riot gear walked up to protesters and started pushing without any warning very forcefully causing some people to fall over. At one point I saw one cop reach through two other cops in front of him to grab a protester by the arm to arrest them, for no apparent reason. At that point I wrapped my arms around their waist, told them everything is going to be ok, and proceeded to walk backwards until the cops grip was loosened and the protester was set free, I then whispered in their ear “run” in case police went looking for them.

By this time the KKK was already on the road with their police escort, yet more riot cops were coming. I made my way back to 4th & High st where I saw a black woman in handcuffs being escorted down a ramp. I sprung into action and blocked the end of the ramp by holding on to one of the rails, I then felt an arm wrap around mine and saw a changing of people locking arms helping to block the police and protect other people. Next thing I know police started grabbing people and forcefully tried to remove them. I sat down and others followed, arms still linked.

“AS I’M FACE DOWN ON THE CONCRETE, HE BEGAN TO DISPENSE PEPPER SPRAY ONTO MY BODY, REACHED DOWN AND TOOK OFF MY GOGGLES AND BEGAN SPRAYING ME DIRECTING IN MY FACE.”

One police officer tried to get to the other side of us and step right in between us but ended up kicking me in the head, first with his right boot, followed by his left boot making contact with my face as well. By this point I’m grabbing my face making sure it’s not bleeding and that I’m ok. I have two metal plates in my jaw in that same side and the vibration from the kick caused my jaw to start to tingle. Next thing I know I’m on the ground, a person facing me, tears falling down her face, we’re hugging each other and all I can hear her saying is, “I won’t let you go, I love you, I won’t let them hurt you,” words that will ring through my ears ’til I die.

One officer told everyone else to back up and let us go. I put my goggles over my eyes and bandana over my face for protection, and it was at that time officer EJ Thomas said, “No, they’re all getting arrested,” and proceeded to put his knee into my back. As I’m face down on the concrete, he began to dispense pepper spray onto my body, reached down and took off my googles and began spraying me directing in my face.

I felt one officer grab my leg, scraping my arm against the concrete, causing me to get an open wound that is now filling with chemical agents from the pepper spray. I’m now finding it hard to catch my breath and need medical attention. They put me in zip tie handcuffs and put me in a transport vehicle, and it took at least 30-45 minutes to drive me a block away to a medical team where I received a nebulizer to help regulate my breathing. At the end of the day, the irony of it all was I’M being charged with, “Obstruction of justice,” or, “Obstruction of INjustice,” as I like to put it. I have been summoned to court on Friday, July 14th, at 9 am at 606 E Market st Charlottesville, CA 22902, maybe I’ll see you there.

From Another Arrestee:

“IT QUICKLY BECAME CLEAR THAT THE TONE OF THE POLICE HAD CHANGED. IT WAS NO LONGER ABOUT THE KKK AND KEEPING THEM SEPARATED FROM COUNTER-PROTESTERS. IT BECAME ABOUT CRUSHING OUR VOICES IN THE MOST AGGRESSIVE WAY POSSIBLE.”

I came to Charlottesville, Virginia to disrupt a KKK rally and to show them that their white supremacy isn’t welcome here. Of course, I expected cops to protect them and to be aggressive towards counter-protesters, but the degree to which cops escalated was something I had not prepared for that day.

The KKK showed up 45 minutes late to their rally, escorted by heavy police presence. Their area in the park was double barricaded, which showed how intent the police were on keeping the Klan safe. No surprise there… What I didn’t see from the side of the park I was on, though, were the riot cops.

I only saw them when we went to follow the KKK out of the park. They were shoving people out of the way of the Klan very aggressively, throwing people to the ground and kicking them, and waving their big guns around. A group of people followed the direction in which the Klan was being led on an adjacent street and I joined in. When we got there, a line of riot police with shields was forming. They shoved us from one side of the street to the other. After some time, the cops decided to change their location and got into a formation on the street adjacent to the one on which they first started escalating. People rushed after them to see what was going on.

It quickly became clear that the tone of the police had changed. It was no longer about the KKK and keeping them separated from counter-protesters. It became about crushing our voices in the most aggressive way possible. It became about control. About showing us that no matter what we do, they will come for us.

It seemed as if the riot cops brought out their gear like they got new toys and were excited to try them out. We were conveniently there for them to play with. The situation looked like this; the police, covered from head to toe in riot gear, were blocking off the entire street, the protesters, scattered, unmasked were walking around, trying to figure out what was going on. Some of them were shouting at the cops for protecting the KKK. A line of people formed in front of the cops.

“TO SOME DEGREE, I AM SHOCKED THAT THE POLICE TOOK SUCH DRASTIC MEASURES AGAINST PEOPLE WHO WERE PROTESTING THE MOST WELL KNOWN HATE GROUP IN COUNTRY, BUT ON THE OTHER HAND, WHAT ELSE DID I EXPECT?”

The police declared that our assembly was unlawful and shot tear gas into the crowd. It was a lot of tear gas and it was very difficult to breathe. One of the canisters directly hit a line of people who had their arms locked together in an attempt to deescalate and clearly had no intention or ability to be engaging the cops. A comrade quickly handed me an extra t-shirt that they had in their bag, and I loosely tied it around my mouth and nose so that I didn’t get too many chemicals in my face. We were walking away from the line of riot cops, when felt myself being shoved, and my backpack pulled. Before I could even react, my hands were behind my back and in zip ties. The cop screamed in my face that it was a felony to be masking my identity in the state of Virginia and that I was under arrest and I was aggressively walked into the courthouse. It happened so quickly. When going to Charlottesville, I did not anticipate being arrested. I didn’t expect tear gas. I didn’t even bring a bandana with me.

To some degree, I am shocked that the police took such drastic measures against people who were protesting the most well known hate group in country, but on the other hand, what else did I expect? State oppression is rampant, and the cops will violently shut down anyone who tries to take up space outside of what the government has permitted. Nevertheless, we will keep fighting for what’s right.

Looking to the Future: 

Looking to the future, the Right wants to make the south a staging ground for white nationalist organizing. Show up on August 12th and confront Richard Spencer.

As solidarity Cville points out, “Police provided the Klan safe passage out of the park, while a community member called to the police, ‘Do your job, and protect us.’ Today and every day, the police were there to protect white supremacy.”

Towards a world free of white supremacy and capitalism,

—We’ll see you in the streets on August 12th.

Source: https://itsgoingdown.org/